Wind power increased last year in Spain by 38 MW, bringing the total to 23,026 MW according to the data collected by the Spanish Wind Power Association (AEE) using the official certificate of commissioning as the criterion.
32 MW were installed in wind farms located in Castilla y León and had been already registered in the old pre-allocation register, pending installation. Additionally, 4.6 MW were installed in the Canarian area and a 2.1 MW were repowering in Galicia.
The paralysis in which the market has been plunged since the Energy Reform continues: in the last three years, only 65 MW of wind power have been installed in the country, compared to 2,334 MW in the previous triennium. This has forced wind turbine and component manufacturers in Spain to export almost 100% of what has been manufactured in the country in the last three years, which threatherns their presence in the country. According to the Energy Planning 2015-2020, the government considers that Spain needs 8,500 MW of renewable energy to meet the European 2020 targets, of which 6,400 MW (75%) should be wind power.
Annual evolution and total installed wind capacity in Spain (in MW)
Without 23,000 MW of wind power in Spain providing clean and indigenous energy to consumers, in 2016 the price of the electricity market would have been 15.26 euros/MWh higher -28%- according to AEE data. For the year as a whole, wind power generated 47,721 GWh, similar amount to that of 2015. It supplied electricity to 18.4% of Spanish consumers, according to provisional data from the system operator, REE.
The attention is now on the renewable auction of 3,000 MW announced by the Government; if it was well designed, it could end the paralysis of investments since the green moratorium. However, the final design of this auction -which is still in the period of public information- will be key. AEE advocates an auction system that strikes the balance between promoting cheap, indigenous and emission-free energy, with the promotion of the Spanish wind power industry. To do this, it would be necessary to have technology specific auctions, so that the companies have visibility and can make decisions accordingly. A system that guarantees not only compliance with the EU's environmental objectives for 2020 and 2030, but also contributes to the reactivation of the economy of the different regions and creates jobs.
It should also be taken into account that, in order to revive investment in the sector in Spain, it is necessary to solve certain aspects of the Energy Reform -specially in Royal Decree 413/2014- which are an obstacle to the success of the auction due to the uncertainty of the model. The fact that the reasonable profitability of the projects can be modified every six years is one of them. In the case of this auction, the paradox is that the projects must be installed by the end of 2019, when the six-year regulatory period ends, and so the Government can modify the reasonable profitability of the facilities. That is to say, that the projects that go to the auction will do it blindly, ignoring the incentive that they will have, which greatly complicates the access to financing.
It is also necessary to remove the limits of the expected market price path that prevent the profitability guaranteed by the law. In addition, companies should be compensated each year instead of every three years. AEE considers that by 2020 and the following years the market price used to calculate the incentives should be more in line with reality, a view shared by the CNMC (Spanish Commission on Markets and Competition), as it has expressed in separate reports. This would imply using the current OMIP (Power Market Futures Operator) price for the year 2020 of 42.22 euros/MWh, compared to the 52 euros used by the regulator.
Shown below, the different rankings by installed power can be consulted as of December 31st 2016: by regions, by promoters and by manufacturers.