International Institute for Sustainable Development
The Under2 Coalition has welcomed three new members, and reports have brought news on increased renewables capacity, pointing to China and India as emerging leaders in the renewable energy transition. This climate change mitigation update includes news on these developments, which contribute to achieving Sustainable Development (SDG) 7 (clean and affordable energy) and 13 (climate action).
Sweden, Mexico and Canada have joined the Under2 Coalition, a group of over 170 jurisdictions committed to achieve zero net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050. The three countries have endorsed the Under2 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) which establishes that the guiding principle for parties is to limit global warming to less than 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels. Among other commitments, countries agree to undertake specific actions in the areas to energy, traffic and transport, natural resources protection and waste reduction, science and technology, communication and public participation, short-lived climate pollutants (SLCP), and inventory, monitoring, accounting and transparency. While the signatories to the Under2 Coalition are subnational governments, national governments are invited to endorse the Under2 MOU as partners to support efforts by their jurisdiction. Sweden’s endorsement was preceded by the country’s national commitment to phase out GHG emissions by 2045. The secretariat of the Under2 Coalition is hosted by the Climate Group.